What do we Know?
What do we want to know?
What have we learned?
Polarization means grouping of opinions around two extremes

Polarization causes one to become narrow-minded

Polarization is a trend in the US today

The ability to have a reasoned discussion is important in overcoming polarization
How did the authors determine that the trend is moving toward reasoned discussion, evidence, and consideration of varying points of view?

What role does this trend play in education?

What can we do to encourage open-mindedness?
Narrow-mindedness often means seeing things as "black and white". We do not have to see things this way. As educators, we should work to begin to acknowledge and celebrate the "gray" in our work.

As educators, the Us vs. Them mentality only hurts us. Working collaboratively and working to see everyone's point of view will help us to overcome polarization, to become more democratic and open-minded.

As educators we have a tendency to prefer one way of doing things, which can become like one end of the polarized spectrum, and we are often unwilling and/or uncomfortable with trying to see other ways of doing things because we can become "Why fix what isn't broken?"